Incidence, pattern, etiology of facial fractures among two referral centers (retrospective cross-sectional study)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, military teaching specialized dental hospital, Military Medical Complex, Kobri El-Kobba., Cairo

2 Department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, faculty of dentistry, Ain Shams university


Facial trauma represents a serious public health problem. Although there is an increase in maxillofacial trauma globally, pattern
and etiology of these maxillofacial injuries varies between countries due to socioeconomic, cultural, and environmental factors
for each country.
The object of this study was to analyze and discuss incidence, pattern, and etiology of maxillofacial fractures. A retrospective
cross- sectional study of 350 patients admitted to oral and maxillofacial department during 2016 to 2021. Data were collected
for age, gender, etiology , fracture pattern , timing of admission , hospital stay , method of treatment and cost. All data were
analyzed using statistical analysis that is chi square test. There is male predominance with the highest incidence in the age group
of 20 to 35 years. The most common etiology of trauma is motorcycle accident (34.29%), car accidents (18.57%) followed
by falling accidents (14.86%) zygoma (13.71%) is the most common fracture site in the face. Thus, effectiveness of current
preventive measures is to be assessed, followed by constructing new guidelines for prevention and inflexible traffic rules shall
be raised. More epidemiological surveys can, if encouraged to measure the frequency of fractures, better the world.